Quantum computing is considered a promising, disciplinary, and emerging branch of study in today’s world. It is based on quantum mechanics, being adopted to develop advanced computers that can solve complex problems within minutes.
Quantum computers, unlike traditional computer systems, use qubits to perform a function. In addition, these computers work with XOR and Q01, the mode logic gates. Scientists adopt quantum computing to manage enormous data combinations and solve complex mathematical problems.
“Amazon is expected to offer quantum computing by launching Amazon web services.”
The Outlook of the Industry
Quantum computing offers significant opportunities and advantages, but the road to its growth is full of obstacles. Various companies like IBM, Google, Alibaba, Honeywell, IonQ, and Xanadu are leveraging the benefits of quantum computing.
The quantum computing industry is forecast to witness healthy growth in the coming years because of increasing cybercrimes and the growing demand for advanced technologies for scientific discoveries.
In addition, increasing government initiatives in various countries are forecast to benefit the industry. The increasing demand for quantum computing across various verticals, such as finance, chemical, pharmaceuticals, and medical, is forecast to contribute to the industry growth.
Of all the regions, North America holds the largest share in the industry because of the increasing penetration of advanced technologies. In addition, companies are increasing their R&D activities considering the future potential of the technology.
According to Astute Analytica, the global quantum computing market is forecast to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 25% during the forecast period from 2020 to 2025.
It would take a couple of decades to reach the era when the true powers of quantum computing will be unveiled. Quantum computers offer 100 million times faster performance than traditional computers.
Moreover, it will help people learn biology and evolution. It will assist medical practitioners in treatments, such as curing cancer. In addition, it will help the pharmaceutical industry in drug formulation.
Knowing the potential scope of quantum computers, companies are investing highly in the industry to gain profit. Google, in 2019, confirmed the breakthrough by announcing that its Sycamore quantum computer succeeded in performing the task in 200 seconds. Moreover, the Sycamore quantum computer is able to detect and fix computational errors efficiently.
Microsoft and KPMG also made headlines as they will put quantum algorithms to solve real-world problems. The companies will test Azure Quantum’s capabilities, which will give an edge to the growing era of quantum computing.
The advent of quantum computing has initiated a race among the tech giants. Rigetti unveiled its Quantum Computing Cloud Services in 2018.
Advantages and Applications Shaping the Future of Quantum Computing
The advancements in computers and algorithms will help tackle challenges faced by the users of classic computers.
The primary advantage of quantum computing is that computers can perform complex algorithm calculations with ease and efficiency. Moreover, computing qubits can exponentially speed up the process and consume less power.
Quantum Computers in Healthcare:
Quantum computers are expected to offer significant benefits in the medical field. These computers will help detect the disease and discover medicinal formulas with efficiency.
Moreover, they will be able to analyze the medical image, which will ultimately reduce the diagnosis cost. The introduction of quantum computing in healthcare will result in better patient experiences at considerably low prices.
Computers based on quantum computing will enable high encryption for the consumers. Unlike classic computers, quantum computers assure the security of the data. Recently China reached a new milestone by introducing satellites based on quantum computing.
The country ensures that the satellite is impossible to hack. Moreover, quantum computers will create favorable opportunities for improving cybersecurity. Quantum-era cybersecurity will efficiently detect and prevent cyberattacks, thereby preventing further harm.
Used in Artificial Intelligence
Quantum computing is forecast to eliminate the problems linked to data quality and analysis accuracy.
Moreover, quantum computers make decisions with accuracy, thereby helping scientists perform better research. Moreover, the increasing number of applications has become challenging for traditional computers in ensuring accuracy and speed. Thus, the new era of quantum computing will gain traction in the coming years.
Another promising application of quantum computing is in the field of computational chemistry. Quantum computers can focus on both 1 and 0 simultaneously, which can offer immense power to the machine to track the molecule.
Thus, quantum computers can perform the nitrogen-fixation process to develop ammonia-based fertilizer. In addition, it will also help in building a room-temperature superconductor. The potential applications of quantum computing will help introduce efficient methods to reduce carbon dioxide for a better climate.
Traditional computers take a significant amount of time to analyze weather conditions. Quantum computing is forecast to make a change here. The ability of quantum computers to process massive data within minutes will benefit the overall industry.
Quantum computing is a promising technology having significant potential if built on a large scale. The primary challenges are verification, fabrication, and architecture. Quantum Computers can easily store complex data in a single bit.
That’s why quantum computers are difficult to build. Apart from that, there are significant disadvantages of quantum computing that need to be considered.
Every computation demands a new algorithm. Quantum computers also require special algorithms to complete the task. Thus, it is another significant challenge.
The Demand for Low Temperature
The temperature has been a key issue in the processing of these computers. Quantum computers need a cold environment, around negative 460 degrees F. Thus, it becomes difficult for companies to maintain such low temperatures.
The price of quantum computers is another major challenge in its growth. Quantum computers are offered at a high price which is challenging to afford. Moreover, quantum computers are still in the developing stage, which increases the chances of faults. However, the experiments are still going to discover the technology, ensuring high accuracy.
Quantum computing is expected to boost security. However, various predictions state that it can be a significant threat to privacy.